Kaohsiung Chinese Orchestra (KCO) is southern Taiwan’s first professional Chinese orchestra.  Founded in March , 1989 under the auspices of Kaohsiung City’s Education Bureau, KCO and was initially an experimental orchestra; in November 2000, it formally became the in-residence orchestra of the Kaohsiung Music Center and was renamed the Kaohsiung CityChinese Orchestra(KCCO) .


The orchestra has been established by successive directors as a first-class performance group, where local awareness and appreciation have been raised for Chinese classical music through regular concerts and activities specifically designed to introduce such art form, and audience island-wide and overseas have been most receptive.  The efforts of successive directors have ensured the legacy of classical Chinese music being appreciated today and will continue to flourish in future generations.  Under their leadership, the Kaohsiung City Chinese Orchestra has become the most influential cultural group in southern Taiwan.  In 2009, the KCCO was merged into the Kaohsiung Philharmonic Cultural & Arts Foundation and was renamed as Kaohsiung Chinese Orchestra (KCO).


The Chinese Orchestra can be divided into four instrument sections based on methods by which they are played: “blown,'' ''bowed'', ”struck” and “plucked”.  Musicians perform as a group or as soloists, playing both contemporary compositions and traditional folk ballads.  The orchestra also accompanies staged dramas, dance troupes and other theatrical events.  Off stage, the Kaohsiung Chinese Orchestra holds seminars that explore trends and traditions in classical Chinese music; specific topics have included variations in regional styles.  Their performances and seminars contribute to music education and also to the development of the classical Chinese music genre.  The achievements of the Kaohsiung Chinese Orchestra, together with many more accomplishments to come, inspire the cultural climate and overall quality of life in southern Taiwan.